Week 5 Seminar Response Reflection Writing

China’s projected growth during the next twenty-five years is both undeniable and unprecedented; however the country faces a set of tough challenges ahead to accommodate its growing population and economy. The study, “Preparing for China’s Urban Billion,” published by McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) extrapolates a collection of different potential outcomes for Chinese growth. The information presented adds additional statistical insight to the topics and theories that have been discussed as a major part of the seminar. Among the study’s findings are an emphasis on the density and typology of urban development, funding of urban areas, environmental impacts, and the creation of necessary human resources.
A significant portion of the study concerns itself with the analysis of four different urban typologies that could be models for China’s urbanization. The four models referenced are the Supercity, hub and spoke, distributed growth, and townization. The paper details how each model would present a different set of benefits as well as challenges, however the study argues that the hub and spoke model as well as the supercity model would be the optimal solutions. They make the argument that these two models would have the opportunity of producing the highest GDP per capita as well as lower energy use per capita. In addition these models would preserve the most arable land, and allow for the better funding.
The study’s findings are significant in the context of this seminar, due to the fact that the case for higher density urban development has been made and argued. The study makes a clear case for why dense urban growth would be beneficial for the outcome of the country as a whole, however through the discussion facilitated in the seminar a large focus has been about the nature of the dense urban growth. The seminar has discussed the benefits and challenges presented by dense, low rise, small aggregate development, and in contrast the typical Chinese model of high-rises built as objects in a field. Some patterns and insights could possibly be learned if a study did go through the same type of extrapolation as found with the MGI study about the different aspects of urban typologies discussed in the seminar.
In addition to the themes discussed in class, as well as the material presented through the study abroad semester the study explored possible pressures about funding and human resources. MGI proposes that the city model, out of the four previously mentioned, would have an impact on the amount of funding that it could receive, or the relationship that a city might have to a better funded “hub” city. Additionally, the study touched on the manner in which talent, or college graduates could be attracted to an area based on the nature of the city.

Posted by Sam Rampy / 5.7 years ago / 1509 hits